Sunday, February 23, 2020
Settler Colonialism - Essay Example From this study it is clear that the invasion by the European colonialist gave birth to cultural changes. Many native settlers adopted the colonial culture, ushering new era of modernity in the society. Colonial master used forceful methods to rule the natives, thus changing the administration systems in the society. Largely history records the contribution of settler colonialism in immigration of people. The intention of this paper is to evaluate the contribution of settler colonialism in history of immigration policy in United States and Australia. The introduction of immigration policies by colonial masters brought the following changes in the society population, socially and economically. Colonialist invaded many countries using the super military powers and influenced the lives of the native settlers. Settler colonialism entails internal and external colonialism. The two aspect of settler colonialism affected immigration policies in countries such as United States of America. Eu ropean settler colonialist who came into the United States changed the social system of the society. Immigration is a process where an individual leaves his native land to settle in a foreign land. The intention of immigration includes search for better climatic conditions, land for agriculture or business. Settler colonialism refers to a situation where a foreign nations invade, conquer and a rule a foreign territory. Settler colonialism is an act that runs throughout human history; the difference lies in the manner and period in which settler colonialism took place. Colonialism involves leaving a native country to settle as a conqueror in a foreign land. Settler colonialism fostered colonization of foreign land by establishing their rule and settling in that land. This process of settling and establishing colonial rule contributes to immigration policies, which favored the colonialist as the legitimate landowners. Largely, colonialist are immigrants who have conquered a foreign la nd and established their policies. Several historical facts illustrate settler colonialism and its effects to immigration. Upon settlement of settler colonialists, the native lost their legitimacy in the society. In 1848, United States of America waged a war with Mexico leading to the conquest of some part of Mexico. As the paper highlights history records that this action of United States led to change in boundary of the two nations. The entry of the Mexican people to United States territory was through settler colonialism. Today many Mexican immigrants still believe that they existence in the United States of America was not by choice, but through conquest. Largely, the conquered groups had no choice, but to be adherent to the policies and social systems introduced by the settler colonialist. History reveals that the United States used its military and political power to influence the signing of the Guadalupe Hidalgo treaty. Arguments against signing of the treaty indicated that the intention of United States was to usurp the natural resources found in Mexico. Notably, the argument is true. Industrial revolution in the United States led to the arrival of the first Asians in Hawaii. The Asians came under the auspice of Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Society and occupied land through the assistance of the settler colonial process in a period when United States was under siege of British colonialist.
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Keynesian macroeconomics - Essay Example However, large changes in available technology, especially regression is very difficult to support (Summers, 1986). Second, RBC theory assumes that fluctuations in employment reflect changes in the amount people want to work. Because employment fluctuates substantially while the determinants of labour supply - real wage and the real interest rate - vary only slightly, these models require that leisure be highly substitutable over time. This assumption conflicts with many studies (for example, Altonji, 1986); it also conflicts with the belief that high unemployment in recessions is largely involuntary. Third, real business cycle theory assumes that monetary policy is irrelevant for economic fluctuations, this challenges the Keynesian argument that any correlation of money with output arises because the money supply is endogenous (King and Plosser, 1984). Very little evidence supports this theory. A different approach to the business cycle is the sectoral shift theory, which emphasizes the costly adjustment of labour among sectors (Lilien 1982, Black 1987). According to this theory movement of labour from one sector to another occurs in response to market fluctuations and recessions are periods during which there are more sectoral shocks and thus a greater need for sectoral adjustment. If this were to be true we would observe high unemployment accompanied by high job vacancies during a recession - this is not correct (Abraham & Katz, 1986). In fact the measured movement of workers is opposite i.e. very low during recession (Murphy & Topel, 1987). Advocates of the sectoral shift theory argue that it is possible that since the process of sectoral adjustment requires a period of high unemployment and low income, it lowers the demand for the products of all sectors. Thus, we might observe low vacancies and low movement during recessions, even if recessions are initially caused by the need to reallocate labour among sectors. In this form, it is not clear how to distinguish empirically the sectoral shift theory from real business cycle theories that emphasize economy-wide fluctuations in technology or Keynesian theories that emphasize fluctuations in aggregate demand. The debate over the RBC theory boils down to four issues: 1. Do changes in employment reflect voluntary changes in labour supply 2. Does the economy experience large exogenous productivity shocks in the short run 3. Is money really neutral in the short run 4. Are wages and prices flexible in the short run Do they adjust quickly to keep supply and demand in balance in all markets Satisfactory answers have not been found to these questions within the framework of the RBC theory. New Keynesian Macroeconomics The single theme that identifies Keynesian economics is the belief that economic fluctuations do not reflect the optimal response of the economy to changes in tastes and technology, but some sort of market failure on a large scale. The market imperfection that recurs most frequently in Keynesian theories is the failure of wages and prices to adjust instantly to equilibrate supply and demand. The short-run
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Obsession in the gothic Essay To what extent do you agree that obsession is a significant element in the gothic writing you have studied? The word obsession means the domination of ones thoughts or feelings by a persistent idea, image or desire. With this in mind, both Faustus and Frankenstein show symptoms of monomania in relation to academic obsession. Similarly, in Ã¢â¬ËThe Bloody ChamberÃ¢â¬â¢ the characters that experience obsession are also male, however they are driven by a different obsession: sexual desire. In the prologue of Ã¢â¬ËDoctor FaustusÃ¢â¬â¢ it already begins to establish FaustusÃ¢â¬â¢ thirst for knowledge and how this resulted in his tragic downfall. Firstly, the Chorus compares Faustus to the Icarus myth Ã¢â¬Å"his waxen wings did mount above his reachÃ¢â¬ , which suggests that FaustusÃ¢â¬â¢ fixation with necromancy is not a power he is supposed to possess, and that his fate will end similarly to Icarus. Furthermore, it states that Faustus Ã¢â¬Å"gluttedÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"learningÃ¢â¬ . The word gluttony highlights that FaustusÃ¢â¬â¢ obsession for knowledge can only result in tragedy because itÃ¢â¬â¢s one of the seven deadly sins, and also indicates how extreme FaustusÃ¢â¬â¢ obsession is. This is because gluttonyÃ¢â¬â¢s definition is to gorge yourself with something, and is often to the extent of harm. However, you could argue that FaustusÃ¢â¬â¢ greed is not completely based around academic knowledge, and he actually desires rival God in terms of power and knowledge. For instance, when Faustus is listing what he would Ã¢â¬Å"most, desiresÃ¢â¬ he wanted strength that Ã¢â¬Å"exceededÃ¢â¬ ¦. the mind of manÃ¢â¬ and was in comparison to Ã¢â¬Å"a mighty god. Ã¢â¬ In comparison, Frankenstein also overstepped his reach in pursuit of his obsession, and comments that Robert should Ã¢â¬Å"learnÃ¢â¬ from his mistakes, and that it is Ã¢â¬Å"dangerousÃ¢â¬ for men who Ã¢â¬Å"aspire to become greater than this nature will allow. Ã¢â¬ These short quotations show us the viewpoint of Shelley during this period on enlightenment, as she was trying to symbolise a moral and didactic message throughout Frankenstein as a warning of all the forthcomings of what could happen if the exploration of science and knowledge became an obsession. For example, Frankenstein deliberately makes the creature monstrous by making him Ã¢â¬Å"proportionally largeÃ¢â¬ at about Ã¢â¬Å"eight feet in heightÃ¢â¬ because he wanted to finish his creation as soon as possible, and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think about the consequences this would have for the creature when he actually succeeded in bring him to life. On the other hand, in Ã¢â¬Å"The Bloody ChamberÃ¢â¬ whilst obsession is not as significant as the other two texts, Carter uses masculine sexual obsession to critique how patriarchal our society still is. For example, in Ã¢â¬ËThe Snow ChildÃ¢â¬ she is called the Ã¢â¬Å"child of his desireÃ¢â¬ . He wishes for her to be beautiful and nothing else, so it is clear that he is interested only in her appearance and her value as a sexual object. Furthermore, once she has fulfilled her purpose of becoming a sexual object, she dies. This could be Carter symbolizing that once a woman tries to become the objection of a mans obsessions and desires, it becomes impossible for her to ever live up to expectations, and therefore a death sentence.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Women Minority Experience in Baby of the Family, and House on Mango StreetÃ Ã Ã The two novels Baby of the Family, and House on Mango Street expose the minority experience through the perspective of a child, struggling to find an identity in their own unique views of the cultures they are growing up in. The life of Lena's family, one of an upper class African American family in the southern part of the United States, appeals to the ideal of the New American as her family blends the dominant culture with their minority background in their everyday life experiences. Esperanza is a Hispanic youth, growing up in a barrio, where there is not much to offer the Hispanic locals. She ultimately feels the profile the of the New American in her view of attaining a better life, and escaping the suffocating prescence of the barrio, while still remembering her ethnic roots. Both these characters apply to the classification of the Double Minority in the obvious aspect of being females, and of course their relationship of being in a minority culture. In Baby of the Family, author Tina Ansa exposes the reader to the perspective of a child living in a dominant culture oriented household, that is trying to latch on to some very important traditional aspects of their minority background. Esperanza in House on Mango Street struggles to find her identity in a society discriminating against her not only as a minority, but her genders hinders her advancement also. The authors of these two minority novels corelate these ideals and explore the hardships these two character face as struggling to become the New American while being classified ultimately as Double Minorities. A few of the common apects shared by the two novels include the common... ...alls these children experience. These two children take the ideal of the "New American" and expose it as they find ways to live in a world in which they walk a fine line between the two clashing cultures. The "Double Minority" role plays an important and attempt to overcome the barriers in their own cultures. The cultures ultimately take on a new definition as time progresses, because there is truly not a definite distinction anymore. Works Cited Ansa, Tina McElroy. Baby of the Family. Harcourt Press; San Diego, 1989. Blicksilver, Edith. The Ethnic American Woman. Kenall/Hunt Publishing; Iowa, 1978. Cecil, Andrew R. The Meaning of the Family in Society. University of Texas; Dallas, 1991. Cisneros, Sandra. The House on Mango Street. Vintage Contemporaries; New York, 1991. Murray, Alma. Black Perspectives. Scholastic Books; New York, 1971. Ã
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The poem Ã¢â¬Å"Gods Will for You and MeÃ¢â¬ is the good poem and Ã¢â¬Å"Pied BeautyÃ¢â¬ is the bad poem according to Perrine standards.Ã The central purpose of both these poems is to encourage the readersÃ¢â¬â¢ individual feelings about God. The poem Ã¢â¬Å"Pied BeautyÃ¢â¬ is extremely didactic. The writer of this poem is preaching God on the reader. They are trying to get the reader to see all of the things that God has created on the earth and how amazing each one is. The whole poem seems to be a continuous praise on God. The poem even ends with a very clear cut statement, Ã¢â¬Å"Praise him.Ã¢â¬ This may leave a reader feeling uncomfortable or uneasy. Some of the phrases used in Ã¢â¬Å"Pied BeautyÃ¢â¬ do not seem to be the best choices for the writing. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"brinded cowÃ¢â¬ does not sound as nice as other phrases and does not make me want to love the cow like the writer is suggesting. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"with swift, slow; sweet, sour; adazzle, dim;Ã¢â¬ breaks the flow of the poem and could have been left out or worded in a different way. The poem Ã¢â¬Å"Gods Will for You and MeÃ¢â¬ is getting the point across to be Ã¢â¬Å"loyal to GodÃ¢â¬ in a much simpler and easy going manner. The poem is more realistic and although it has a childlike rhyme to it, it is still fresh and original. It makes me feel, as a reader, that following Gods plan is easy and simple, such as the poem itself. While it is sweet and sentimental it is not over the top or over stimulating to the readers emotions. When it comes to evaluating poetry according to PerrineÃ¢â¬â¢s standards, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t agree that rating a poem good or bad should be based on certain rules. As a reader, if what you are reading is making you feel good inside then it should be considered a good poem, even if it is sentimental, rhetorical, or didactic. For me, when I read poetry, if I can make sense of what the writer is saying and makes me feel any emotion from the writing, then I declare it a good poem. Didactic poetry should be considered good also, due to the fact that even though it is praising, it is still a strong emotional reading that is getting a point across, whether the reader chooses to follow or agree isÃ up to them to decide.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Evolution What is evolution? Is it a theory or is it based on facts? Many people think that it is both a fact and a theory. We all seek to find an explanation for life as we know it. We all want to understand how it all began. Creationist believes that the world was created in six days by a supreme being referred to as God. Many scientists report that there is plenty of evidence to prove that all living things have evolved, and reference examples such as evidence from fossils that indicates similarities to ancient creatures, and evidence from genetics to prove all living things share the same basic heredity by using DNA to prove that genes are passed from the parent to their offspring. According to Richard E. Lenski, author of Evolution: Fact and Theory, Ã¢â¬Å"Evolution is an incontrovertible fact that organisms have changed, or evolved, during the history of life on EarthÃ¢â¬ (Lenski, p. 1). There are four major patterns that manifest in nature. These patterns are genet ic variation which means that no two individuals have the same DNA; adaptations which are what makes a species so well adapted to its environment; divergence meaning the species are grouped into families; and fossil species which is the mineralized impressions of once living organisms. There have been many changes since the first life forms were documented. The changes occur from mutation when the DNA is not copied perfectly and it leads to a difference between the parent and their offspring. Ã¢â¬Å"BiologicalShow MoreRelatedDoes the Theory of Evolution Contradict Creation?1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEvolution of Darwin and christianity These days , a number of the view that the theory of evolution as formulated by Charles Darwin is not against religion . There also was not convinced that the theory of evolution but still also contribute in teaching and redistribute it . This would not have happened if they really understand the theory. This is due to the inability to understand the dogma of Darwinism , including the views of the most dangerous of these theories are indoctrinated to the societyRead MoreEssay about Creation Science1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Creationism is a religious metaphysical theory about the origin of the universe. It is not a scientific theory. Technically, creationism is not necessarily connected to any particular religion. It simply requires a belief in a Creator. Millions of Christians and non-Christians believe there is a Creator of the universe and that scientific theories such as the the theory of evolution do not conflict with belief in a Creator. However, fundamentalist Christians suc h as Ronald Reagan and Jerry FalwellRead MoreThe Validity of The Evolutionary Theory Essay1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe evolution theory, one of the most significant theories, laid groundwork for the study of modern biological science. This theory has lead scientists into unending debates due to lack of empirical supports. Until the mid-eighteenth century, when Charles Darwin came up with an explanation to evolution, scientists, then, began to endorse this hypothesis. In Ã¢â¬Å"Natural Selection,Ã¢â¬ Darwin explains the natural selection, a plausible mechanism that causes evolution, to gain approval of his cynical audienceRead More evolution v. creation Essay1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Evolution nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Should the stork theory appear in books on reproduction? How about astrological lore in expositions on astronomy? It would be unreasonable to even consider those ridiculous concepts. This is why the idea of creation should not be considered as the answer to how life began. Rather, the theory of evolution accounts for the creation of life. Charles Darwin is credited with creating the theory of evolution. Evolution assumes that all natural forms arose fromRead MoreDarwin s Theory Of Evolution1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesselection and his theory of evolution. In which case, we would learn about his research in figuring out how life evolved; the vast amount of data he has collected based on his observation of plant life and animals, and even the Ã¢â¬Å"Origin of SpeciesÃ¢â¬ published by Darwin himself in 1859, explained many possibilities of how evolution took place. So then why do Americans find evolution to be suspicious in terms of science? Darwin insisted th at Ã¢â¬Å"evolution is a theory that is based on facts gathered throughRead MoreThe Theory Of Evolution Or Intelligent Design1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe origin of life may seem to be shrouded in mystery, but in modern America two main theories have come to dominate as the explanation; either the theory of evolution or Intelligent Design. The theory of evolution was first published by Charles Darwin, a famous figure who is just as controversial in modern society as he was in his own time. He introduced the public to the theory of evolution in his book On the Origin of Species, where he proposed that new species evolve from older ones throughRead More Evolution Vs. Creationism Essay1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEvolution vs. Creationism Abstract In the history of science vs. religion there have been no issues more intensely debated than evolution vs. creationism. The issue is passionately debated since the majority of evidence is in favor of evolution, but the creation point of view can never be proved wrong because of religious belief. Human creation breaks down into three simple beliefs; creation theory, naturalistic evolution theory, and theistic evolution theory. The complexities of all threeRead MoreCreationism in Public School Science Class Essay923 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbecause it has no supporting evidence, it is not equal to evolution, and religious myths can not be taught in public schools in an officially non religious nation. ...[I]ndividual scientists and philosophers of science have provided substantive critiques of intelligent design, demonstrating significant conceptual flaws in its formulation, a lack of credible scientific evidence, and misrepresentations of scientific facts.(AAAS). This statement says that creationism has no evidenceRead MoreEssay on Creationism vs. Evolution: How did it really happen?1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCreationism vs. Evolution: How did it really happen? Ever since 1859 and the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin1, his first publication of his observations, much debate has come about concerning the issue of how life on earth came to be. Both the Creationists and Evolutionists believe in the Big Bang theory of creation of life; however, the mechanism for the development of new life provides the conflict. Evolutionists believe the cause of life on earth to be accidentalRead MoreThe Scopes Trial And Creationism1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCreationism and Evolution have always been a topic in America since the Scopes Trial. The Scopes Trial took place in 1928 when the Supreme Court was deciding whether schools should teach Evolution or Creationism. The foundation of evolution is based upon the belief that the origin of all ordered complex systems, including living creatures, can be explained by natural laws without the intervention of God. In that trial the Supreme Court came to a conclusion that Evolution was banned and that creationism
Friday, December 27, 2019
InÃ English grammar,Ã closed classÃ refers to theÃ category of function wordsÃ¢â¬âthat is, parts of speech (or word classes)Ã¢â¬âthat dont readily accept new members. The closed classes in English include pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions. In contrast open class words includeÃ nouns,Ã lexical verbs,Ã adjectives, andÃ adverbs. Examples and Observations [C]losed-class words are those belonging to the grammatical, or function, classes...Function words in English include conjunctions (and, or), articles (the, a), demonstratives (this, that), and prepositions (to, from, at, with). To take one specific case, consider the word and. The essential feature of the word and is that it functions grammatically to conjoin words and phrases, as seen in the combination of noun phrases the woman and the man. Any change in membership in such a class happens only very slowly (over centuries) and in small increments. Thus, a speaker of English may well encounter dozens of new nouns and verbs during the coming year; but it is extremely unlikely that the English language will acquire a new article (or lose a current one) in the coming year (or even in the speakers lifetime).Ã¢â¬âAdrian Akmajian, et al., Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication. MIT, 2001 Prepositions have gradually expanded their membership somewhat by admitting participles such as including, concerning, but the remaining classes are very resistant to the introduction of new items. This has been noticeable in recent years when attempts have been made to find gender-neutral pronouns.Ã¢â¬âAngela Downing and Philip Locke, English Grammar: A University Course, 2nd ed. Routledge, 2002 Functions of Closed-Class Words Closed-class words or function words are limited in number and act as markers or guides to the structure of a sentence. The role of articles is to signal nouns. Prepositions mark special relationships between persons, objects, and locations. Conjunctions are connectors that link actors or objects, and specify relationships between clauses in the sentence. Open- and closed-class words occupy certain slots in sentences and set up a frame for interpreting the interrelationships between actors, actions, and objects.Ã¢â¬âDiane McGuinness, Language Development and Learning to Read. MIT, 2005 Open Class Words Evolve to Closed Class Words The closed classes include pronouns (you, them), modal verbs (could, must), determiners (a, the), prepositions (of, in), and conjunctions (and, but). New members of these classes are not added to the language very often. Instead, they tend to gradually evolve from lexical words in a process called grammaticalization. For example, the lexical verb go means to move (toward a goal). But its progressive form be going (to) has evolved into a grammaticalized prospective (future) marker, as in Shes going to love her gift. The movement meaning of go has been bleached out of the grammaticalized version, and so the going in be going to can be considered to be a function word, rather than a content word. The closed classes represent a more restricted range of meanings, and the meanings of closed-class words tend to be less detailed and less referential than open-class words.Ã¢â¬âM. Lynne Murphy, Lexical Meaning. Cambridge University Press, 2010